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The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) was the expeditionary force of the United States Army during World War I.
At the beginning, during the Spring of 1918, the four battle-ready U. divisions were deployed under French and British command to gain combat experience by defending relatively quiet sectors of their lines.Using questionnaires filled out by doughboys as they left the Army, Gutièrrez reports that they were not cynical or disillusioned.They fought "for honor, manhood, comrades, and adventure, but especially for duty." However, they were assigned to segregated units commanded by white officers.Pershing in May 1917, and Pershing remained in command for the entire war.Pershing insisted that American soldiers be well-trained before going to Europe.One fifth of the black soldiers sent to France saw combat, compared to two-thirds of the whites.
They were three percent of AEF combat forces, and under two percent of battlefield fatalities.
A group of regular soldiers and the first American division to arrive in France, entered the trenches near Nancy, France, in Lorraine. Particularly appreciated were the French canon de 75 modèle 1897, the canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider, and the canon de 155mm GPF.
American aviation units received the SPAD XIII and Nieuport 28 fighters, and the U. Army tank corps used French Renault FT light tanks.
In these two military operations, Allied forces recovered more than 200 sq mi (488 km) of French territory from the German army.
By the time the World War I Armistice had suspended all combat on November 11, 1918, the American Expeditionary Forces had evolved into a modern, combat-tested army.
Since the transport ships needed to bring American troops to Europe were scarce at the beginning, the U. Army pressed into service passenger liners, seized German ships, and borrowed Allied ships to transport American soldiers from ports in New York City, New Jersey, and Virginia.